сноски к отслеживанию ума

Опубликовано khantibalo от 30 января, 2017 - 18:48
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Отслеживание ума
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Отслеживание явлений. Пять препятствий
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{1} In this section there is no reference to supramundane truth because in the sifting of things thoroughly to see their transient, pain-laden and soulless nature only the mundane things are handled, and so there is in this matter of penetrative knowledge of things no bringing together of mundane and supramundane things.
Here follows the elucidation of terms mentioned in this section:
{2} The two spontaneous and non-spontaneous conscious states karmically unwholesome, accompanied by grief, linked to resentment, and springing from hate; the conscious state karmically unwholesome, accompanied by neither pain nor pleasure, linked to doubt and springing from ignorance; and the conscious state karmically unwholesome, accompanied by neither pain nor pleasure, linked to agitation, springing from ignorance — these four do not associate with the consciousness-with-lust-division or the consciousness-without-lust division.
{3} That refers to the conscious state, emancipated partially from defilements through systematic or radical reflection, or to the conscious state, emancipated through the suppression of the defilements in absorption. Это относится к состоянию ума, частично освобождённому от загрязнений с помощью основательного внимания или к состоянию ума, освобождённому через подавление загрязнений в медитативной поглощённости.
Both these kinds of emancipation are temporary. Оба эти вида освобождения являются временными.
{4} In the consciousness with lust, lust occurs as a mental concomitant arising and passing away along with a conscious state and sharing with that conscious state the object and basis of consciousness. В уме со страстью страсть возникает как умственная составляющая, которая возникает и исчезает вместе с состоянием ума, имея с ним общий объект и основу.
In this sense of a conscious state well-knit with lust one speaks of the consciousness with lust. Когда говорят об уме со страстью, о нём говорят в смысле состояния ума, жёстко связанного со страстью.
The term consciousness without lust is used as a contrary of the term "consciousness with lust"; not as a contradictory. Понятие "ум без страсти" используется как противоположность термину "ум со страстью", а не как противопоставление.
That becomes clear when we know that the work to be done in this contemplation of the mind consists of the laying hold of the things of the three planes of cosmic existence for the purpose of developing the conviction based on insight in regard to cosmic impermanence, cosmic suffering and cosmic insubstantiality. Это становится ясно когда мы знаем, что требуемая в этом отслеживании ума работа состоит в том, чтобы ухватиться за явления трёх сфер бывания с целью развить убеждённость, основанную на прозрении в изменчивость, неудовлетворённость (страдание) и безличность в отношении этих трёх сфер.
In no stage of mundane thought can it be said that latency of lust is destroyed and so the term "consciousness without lust" indicates only a relatively lust-free conscious state. Ни на одном этапе мирского мышления мы вправе сказать, что предрасположенность к страсти уничтожена, поэтому термин "ум без страсти" означает только относительно свободное от страсти состояние ума.
The grouping of conscious states, here, it is said, may be questioned. Говорят, что группировку состояний ума здесь можно оспорить.
For instance, in the two states of consciousness with hate is there just absence of lust because these two states are not well-knit together with lust? Например, в двух состояниях ума с отвращением имеет ли место отсутствие страсти потому что эти два состояния не являются тесно связанными со страстью?
Could there not be in them a trace of lust functioning as a distant condition as when a man's lust for a woman produces hate towards another who stands between him and the possession or enjoyment of his object of lust?
If there indeed could not be such a trace of lust in these two conscious states of hate, are these seven states of consciousness without lust?
When the commentator said that the four remaining karmically bad states do not associate with either the consciousness with lust or without lust, he only wanted to show them just separate from the pair known by the phrases, with lust and without lust.
If so then would not one fall into partial knowledge?
Because of their being included in the pairs (though not in the lust pair.)
Consciousness with ignorance is twofold.
It is either accompanied by doubt or by agitation.
As this consciousness in either of its forms is fit to be called a delusion by way of particularity owing to excessive observation and special endowment with ignorance, these two forms, namely, the one linked to doubt and the one linked to agitation are in an outstanding manner "with ignorance."
By reason of the mind proceeding slackly in a shrivelled state owing to want of interest in the object and more or less with displeasure, there is the shrunken state of consciousness.
This is a name applicable to the five karmically unwholesome sensuous conscious states not marked by spontaneity.
There is the conscious state associated with agitation in the sense of agitation having become powerful in the consciousness.
"All karmically bad conscious states are indeed accompanied by agitation."
The mental state accompanied by agitation is called the distracted mind because it spreads outside its object by way of diffused thinking.
By the ability to suppress the defilements and by the abundance of fruition and by the great length or extent of the series of its particular courses of cognition there is a state of consciousness become great.
Or there is a state of consciousness become great by reason of lofty regenerative wish and so forth.
The state of consciousness become great is the mind that has reached the ground of the sensuous-ethereal and the purely ethereal planes of existence.
As there is nothing in the cosmos greater than the sensuous-ethereal and the purely ethereal the commentator explained the consciousness become great by reference to these two highest planes of existence.
The state of consciousness with some other mental state superior to it refers to the consciousness that has not reached the highest possible planes of attainment in cosmic existence or the consciousness that can become more fine; and the state of consciousness with no other mental state superior to it is that which has got to the highest planes of cosmic existence or that which has reached the acme of fineness of mundane states of mind.
Отслеживание ума
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Редакция перевода от 24.04.2017 18:29