20. Глава о пути

Опубликовано khantibalo от 31 октября, 2016 - 20:53
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20. Maggavaggo ¶
273. Maggānaṭṭhaṅgikoseṭṭho, saccānaṃ caturo padā. ¶ 273. Of all the paths the Eightfold Path is the best; of all the truths the Four Noble Truths are the best; ¶
Virāgo seṭṭho dhammānaṃ, dvipadānañca cakkhumā. ¶ of all things passionlessness is the best: of men the Seeing One (the Buddha) is the best. ¶
274. Eseva [esova (sī. pī.)] maggo natthañño, dassanassa visuddhiyā. ¶ 274. This is the only path; there is none other for the purification of insight. ¶
Etañhi tumhe paṭipajjatha, mārassetaṃ pamohanaṃ. ¶ Tread this path, and you will bewilder Mara. ¶
275. Etañhi tumhe paṭipannā, dukkhassantaṃ karissatha. ¶ 275. Walking upon this path you will make an end of suffering. ¶
Akkhāto vo [akkhāto ve (sī. pī.)] mayā maggo, aññāya sallakantanaṃ [sallasanthanaṃ (sī. pī.), sallasatthanaṃ (syā.)]. ¶ Having discovered how to pull out the thorn of lust, I make known the path. ¶
276. Tumhehi kiccamātappaṃ, akkhātāro tathāgatā. ¶ 276. You yourselves must strive; the Buddhas only point the way. ¶
Paṭipannā pamokkhanti, jhāyino mārabandhanā. ¶ Those meditative ones who tread the path are released from the bonds of Mara. ¶
277. «Sabbe saṅkhārā aniccā»ti, yadā paññāya passati. ¶ 277. "All conditioned things are impermanent" — when one sees this with wisdom, ¶ "Всё конструированное изменчиво" - когда это познано с помощью мудрости ¶
Atha nibbindati dukkhe, esa maggo visuddhiyā. ¶ one turns away from suffering. This is the path to purification. ¶ Тогда пресыщаешься страданием - таков путь очищения. ¶
278. «Sabbe saṅkhārā dukkhā»ti, yadā paññāya passati. ¶ 278. "All conditioned things are unsatisfactory" — when one sees this with wisdom, ¶
Atha nibbindati dukkhe, esa maggo visuddhiyā. ¶ one turns away from suffering. This is the path to purification. ¶
279. «Sabbe dhammā anattā»ti, yadā paññāya passati. ¶ 279. "All things are not-self" — when one sees this with wisdom, ¶
Atha nibbindati dukkhe, esa maggo visuddhiyā. ¶ one turns away from suffering. This is the path to purification. ¶
280. Uṭṭhānakālamhi anuṭṭhahāno, yuvā balī ālasiyaṃ upeto. ¶ 280. The idler who does not exert himself when he should, who though young and strong is full of sloth, ¶
Saṃsannasaṅkappamano [asampannasaṅkappamano (ka.)] kusīto, paññāya maggaṃ alaso na vindati. ¶ with a mind full of vain thoughts — such an indolent man does not find the path to wisdom. ¶
281. Vācānurakkhīmanasā susaṃvuto, kāyena ca nākusalaṃ kayirā [akusalaṃ na kayirā (sī. syā. kaṃ. pī.)]. ¶ 281. Let a man be watchful of speech, well controlled in mind, and not commit evil in bodily action. ¶
Ete tayo kammapathe visodhaye, ārādhaye maggamisippaveditaṃ. ¶ Let him purify these three courses of action, and win the path made known by the Great Sage. ¶
282. Yogā ve jāyatī [jāyate (katthaci)] bhūri, ayogā bhūrisaṅkhayo. ¶ 282. Wisdom springs from meditation; without meditation wisdom wanes. ¶
Etaṃ dvedhāpathaṃ ñatvā, bhavāya vibhavāya ca. ¶ Having known these two paths of progress and decline, ¶
Tathāttānaṃ niveseyya, yathā bhūri pavaḍḍhati. ¶ let a man so conduct himself that his wisdom may increase. ¶
283. Vanaṃ chindatha mā rukkhaṃ, vanato jāyate bhayaṃ. ¶ 283. Cut down the forest (lust), but not the tree; from the forest springs fear. ¶
Chetvā vanañca vanathañca, nibbanā hotha bhikkhavo. ¶ Having cut down the forest and the underbrush (desire), be passionless, O monks! ¶
284. Yāva hi vanatho na chijjati, aṇumattopi narassa nārisu. ¶ 284. For so long as the underbrush of desire, even the most subtle, of a man towards a woman is not cut down, ¶
Paṭibaddhamanova [paṭibandhamanova (ka.)] tāva so, vaccho khīrapakova [khīrapānova (pī.)] mātari. ¶ his mind is in bondage, like the sucking calf to its mother. ¶
285. Ucchinda sinehamattano kumudaṃ. Sāradikaṃva [pāṇinā]. 285. Cut off your affection in the manner of a man who plucks with his hand an autumn lotus.
Santimaggameva brūhaya, nibbānaṃ sugatena desitaṃ. ¶ Cultivate only the path to peace, Nibbana, as made known by the Exalted One. ¶
286. Idha vassaṃ vasissāmi, idha hemantagimhisu. ¶ 286. "Here shall I live during the rains, here in winter and summer" — ¶
Iti bālo vicinteti, antarāyaṃ na bujjhati. ¶ thus thinks the fool. He does not realize the danger (that death might intervene). ¶
287. Taṃ puttapasusammattaṃ, byāsattamanasaṃ naraṃ. Suttaṃ gāmaṃ mahoghova, maccu ādāya gacchati. 287. As a great flood carries away a sleeping village, so death seizes and carries away the man with a clinging mind, doting on his children and cattle.
288. Nasanti puttā tāṇāya, na pitā nāpi bandhavā. Antakenādhipannassa, natthi ñātīsu tāṇatā. 288. For him who is assailed by death there is no protection by kinsmen. None there are to save him — no sons, nor father, nor relatives.
289. Etamatthavasaṃ ñatvā, paṇḍito sīlasaṃvuto. ¶ 289. Realizing this fact, let the wise man, restrained by morality, ¶
Nibbānagamanaṃ maggaṃ, khippameva visodhaye. hasten to clear the path leading to Nibbana.
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